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White dreamscapes in White Sands | New Mexico

I won't say that we "had the roads by", because you don't have that in New Mexico. The distances are long and the dry desert landscape stretches as far as the eye can see. White Sands National Park was one of the stops on our southwest US road trip that I was most looking forward to. I had seen a lot of pictures online, but it's always a little hard to imagine a place until you stand there with the landscape at your feet. A bit like the Grand Canyon. You can tell from the pictures that it's beautiful, but it's only when you're standing there on the edge of the ravine and screaming with happiness that you REALLY understand.

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico (19)

White Sands National Park is no ordinary sand desert. This is something as unique as the world's largest plaster desert. Gypsum is actually a common substance in nature, but in the vast majority of places in the world, the gypsum is dissolved by rainwater and flows into the sea. But here in the "pot" in the powder-dry desert of New Mexico, the plaster remains.

White Sands NP is located at an altitude of almost 1300 meters above sea level, which gives a fairly harsh climate. In summer, daytime temperatures climb above 40 degrees. The air flutters in the sun and the dry air makes you sweat almost without it being visible. The only thing you see is the salt that forms on the skin. In winter, however, the temperature drops to minus degrees and snow is not unusual.

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico (18)

It's easy to think that this should be a place completely devoid of life, but it couldn't be more wrong. It is enough to look down at your feet, and you will meet the area's most common animal – the black beetles (darkling beetles). Everywhere you see traces of their little feet, and if you follow the trace, you will probably come to a black, shiny beetle standing and gnawing on a dead plant. Don't upset them, they are the skunks of the desert. If they don't like you, they'll rear up and spray you with a smelly goo.

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico (5)
Darkling beetle

In addition to black beetles, other insects, lizards and mice live here. We also saw a little rabbit who dared to look forward as the sun started to set.

White Sands Rabbit

One of the most common plants here in the Chihuahua desert is Soap Yucca. Soap Yucca is an incredibly hardy plant that thrives in the high altitude desert. Believe it or not, this plant is one of the most useful food plants here in the desert. Basically everything can be eaten and what can't be eaten can be used to weave baskets and cloth.

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico
Soap Yucca
White Sands National Monument - New Mexico

A big difference between a regular sand desert and a plaster desert is that the plaster does not absorb the sun's heat in the same way. Walking barefoot in a plaster desert almost feels a little cool between the toes. The plaster is also much finer grained than a normal desert and sometimes it almost feels like walking in flour. But plaster in nature works like the plaster at home when you renovate. When it rains, the top layer of plaster dissolves, when it dries again, a hard film forms. If you walk on such a membrane, it cracks under you as if you were walking on a lake of brittle ice.

Visit White Sands during the day

Visiting White Sands during the day is a completely different experience than visiting at night. We were here during the heat of summer and took the opportunity to both go here for the day and then come back again after we ate a real green chili dinner in Alamogordo.

White Sands Road
The road into the park

Driving into the park in bright sunshine almost blinds you. It is so white that it is difficult to distinguish New Mexico from the freshly plowed road to Stekenjokk during the winter. The plaster blows in over the road and in some sections it is almost difficult to determine where the road really is.

We stopped at a picnic area to have our lunch before starting to explore the park. The picnic area almost looked like it was on another planet, with rows of curved tin roofs protecting from the sun. The strange thing was that we were here all by ourselves. Right next to White Sands National Park is a large military test facility for missiles. Sometimes the park is therefore closed for safety reasons. It was only to be hoped that we had not happened to go here on such a day.

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico (10)

White Sands has five different hiking trails. None of them are particularly long, but it is not the length of the hiking trail that is the problem. It is the temperature, the strong sun reflected in the white plaster and the altitude of the park. It is difficult to walk up and down the dunes at 1300 meters above sea level. The National Parks Services does not recommend hiking the longer trails when the temperature is above 30 degrees, so going on a long hike on this 40 degree day was not an option. The 8 kilometer Alkali flats trail should also take 3 hours to hike in good weather conditions. Says something about how hard it must be.

Selenite - White Sands National Monument - New Mexico

Under certain ideal weather conditions, gypsum and water can form crystals - so-called selenite. Selenite is a fragile crystal that you can find almost everywhere in the park, but it is most common at Lake Lucero. We found a few crystals, but the one pictured above was the largest. It is said that there are crystals that can be as big as car tires. but we only saw fragments.

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico

However, one of the most popular activities in the park isn't hiking, it's sledding. Buy or bring your own sled, wax it on the underside and take off for the steep pads. This is childish fun for all ages, although getting on the sled as an adult was a challenge.

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico

Sunset in the gypsum desert

The park usually closes already at 18 p.m., but you can book in on guided hikes with park rangers after closing time. We booked ourselves on an evening walk which was one of the most memorable things I have ever done. This landscape should be one of the seven wonders of the world. Don't leave here until you've hiked here in the evening!

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico
White Sands National Monument - New Mexico
White Sands National Monument - New Mexico

How do I get to White Sands National Park?

White Sands is located in New Mexico, just south of Alamogordo. We were staying in Alamogordo overnight, so we could easily join the sunset hike. White Sands doesn't have an address, but you can't miss the park if you're driving on US-70. The entire landscape around the road becomes completely white.

How much is admission?

If you have one America the Beautiful passport, admission is included, otherwise it's $20 per car. Read more about the park at Official site of the National Park Service.

Want to read more about driving in the Southwest? Check out my pages about New Mexico, Arizona, Utah and Nevada!

White Sands National Monument - New Mexico
White Sands National Monument - New Mexico
White Sands National Monument - New Mexico
White Sands National Monument - New Mexico

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About the blogger

Travel blogger, gastronaut, photographer and family adventurer with over 55 countries in his luggage. Eva loves trips that include beautiful nature, hiking boots and well-cooked food. On the travel blog Rucksack she takes you to all corners of the world with the help of her inspiring pictures and texts.


  • Ann
    16 January, 2019 at 20: 28

    What a fantastic setting, incredibly beautiful!

    • Eve on rucksack.see
      16 January, 2019 at 20: 56

      It's a real fairytale landscape, the dunes almost feel like standing on a mountain top sometimes! ?

  • Ann Rumbleinthearctic
    16 January, 2019 at 20: 33

    Wow! What a beautiful landscape, especially with the sunset. We haven't been in the southern parts of the US that much yet. Only been to New Orleans, Florida Panhandle and we have also been to Las Vegas for a while. But still a lot to see down south, of course. Let's see if we get to it sometime in the future 🙂

    • Eve on rucksack.see
      16 January, 2019 at 20: 55

      Thank you, Ann! That's what's so cool about the US - so much unique nature everywhere!
      The sunset was absolutely magnificent – ​​the heat had subsided, the plaster was cold and the sun was so perfect behind some clouds. An evening to remember simply. ?

  • Daniel | Discovering The Planet
    16 January, 2019 at 21: 52

    Attan's beautiful and wonderful pictures. Deserts give a special feeling.

    • Eve on rucksack.see
      17 January, 2019 at 11: 07

      Thank you very much please Daniela! ??? Totally agree with you – the silence and stillness of a desert is both terrifying and beautiful!

  • Ladies Abroad
    17 January, 2019 at 11: 57

    Want to go there immediately! Instantly marks on my want-to-go-to map.

    • Eve on rucksack.see
      17 January, 2019 at 12: 23

      A real little nugget in the SouthWest! ?Also add Carlsbad Caverns if you were to go to White Sands - also an absolutely incredible natural experience! ?

  • Cathinka - On the fly!
    17 January, 2019 at 15: 37

    What beautiful pictures! Love the desert.

    • Eve on rucksack.see
      17 January, 2019 at 20: 00

      I'm so glad you like the pictures! Thank you! ❤️

  • Maria's Memoirs
    17 January, 2019 at 19: 41

    Absolutely incredible pictures, didn't even know this place existed <3 And it looks just like snow I think 🙂 A new place to my bucket list…

    • Eve on rucksack.see
      17 January, 2019 at 20: 01

      Oh so glad you like the pictures, thank you please! ❤️ I actually have some pictures without plants, with plaster pads that just look like scales. Really cool place!

  • Ann-Louise Paulsson
    18 January, 2019 at 22: 01

    Such a cool place and such nice pictures. I will have to make sure to get here sometime in the future.


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